Work Packages

EXEBUS undertakes an Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) to establish the roles, trends, and range of variability and the extremities of natural and anthropogenic geophysical, biological, governance, socio-economic features and phenomena, and assess their impact on ecological, sociological, governance, and macroeconomic systems and processes in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME) of South Africa (SA), Namibia, and Angola. The goal is to strengthen the rational basis for management on relevant spatial and temporal scales (up to 2070). The IEA framework is captured in the figure below that outlines the interconnectedness of the key research questions as a series of “Work Packages” (WPs).

Left—The key stages and process flow of an IEA (DePiper et al., 2017).
Right—Scheme of WPs and resultant workflow of EXEBUS. Short grey arrows indicate the connectedness (flow of information and mutual dependence) of information produced by the work packages, and the cog shows how the stakeholder engagement WP drives WP1-4.

EXEBUS is thus divided into 5 Work Packages, the details of which can be found via the links below:

Work Package 1: Baselines & Variability in the BCLME

Work Package 2: Trends in the Mean State and Variability, and Extreme Event Properties

Work Package 3: The Future

Work Package 4: Taking it Down to Impact—Impact on Ecosystems & Society

Work Package 5: Stakeholder Engagement


DePiper, G.S., Gaichas, S.K., Lucey, S.M., Pinto da Silva, P., Anderson, M.R., Breeze, H., Bundy, A., Clay, P.M., Fay, G., Gamble, R.J. and Gregory, R.S., 2017. Operationalizing integrated ecosystem assessments within a multidisciplinary team: lessons learned from a worked example. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 74(8), pp.2076-2086.